Cusco sits in south-central Peru, 11,150 feet (3,400 meters) above sea level. The city was originally founded as a fortress for the local Killke people around 1100, although the area had been occupied for over 3,000 years. The fortress, known as Sacsayhuamán, was made of massive smoothed and interlocking boulders.
Surrounded by shores of lake Mälaren, Gripsholm castle towers above the town of Mariefred in Södermanland. Gripsholm is known as Gustav Vasa’s castle. however, there was already a stronghold here in the 14th century, built by seneschal ( noble steward) of the realm known as Bo Jonsson Grip.
Cornelis Floris de Vriendt, the architect of Antwerpen Stadhuis, completed in 1565, with Classical and Renaissance Italian Architecture as his precedent, has been credited with pioneering his own unique style of architecture for the time, dubbed Netherland Renaissance.
The Jeronimos Monastery is the pride of Lisbon’s Belem quarter and a national landmark. As such an intricate building the more you look the more you see with ornate engravings and ornamentation depicting typical biblical iconography that would be commonplace in a religious campus of its era, yet there are also just as many of mythical sea monsters or legendary figures from the history of Portugal..
Wawel is equivalent to Polish pride for many residents. In fact, Krakow, where the hill is located, was nominally the birthplace of the Polish identity itself.
The city of Puebla de los Ángeles, located in the central part of present-day México, was founded in 1531 and became the second most prosperous city in the viceroyalty of New Spain.
The Society of Jesus officially established, on September 1, 1562, its first educational institution in the city of Sassari: The College of Gesù e Maria. Its church building, built between 1579 and 1609, was originally a part of the Jesuit College complex, which included an adjacent building that today houses the Pinacoteca Nazionale di Sassari.
The palazzo was the first example of Classical architecture in Sassari and the whole of Sardinia, a product of its owner’s rise in fortune and social rank, along with an economic boom occurring in the late sixteenth century. The palace, originally built sometime in the late fifteenth century by Manca’s ancestors, today has three stories, the third one having been added in the eighteenth century.
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