Francisco Pizarro and 200 men enter northern Peru and capture Inca ruler Atahualpa in only four months.
Pizarro enters Cusco without a fight and installs Manco Inca as ruler.
Pizarro leaves Cusco and founds a new capital for the Spanish colony in Peru: Lima.
King Charles V establishes the Viceroyality of Peru, making Lima the capital of a territory spanning from Colombia to Cape Horn.
Design for new cathedral is completed by Spanish architect Juan Miguel de Veramendi.
Native Quechua slaves begin constructing the Basilica Cathedral of our Lady of Assumption.
The Basilica Cathedral of our Lady of Assumption is completed.
The Iglesia de la Compañía de Jesús, a rival church in the Plaza de Armas, was begun in 1576 but suffered much more damage during the 1650 earthquake. The destruction allowed the builders to do a complete redesign and the result is a much more Baroque building than its counterpart.
Iglesia del Triunfo is completed, replacing a small pavilion installed after the original church’s destruction.
Iglesia de la Sagrada Familia is finished, marking completion of the final element of the present day complex.