• 1517

    During the reformation, a religious schism which divided europe spiritually, was heavily influenced by humanist thinking.

  • 1523

    Gustav Vasa liberates Stockholm, reasserting Sweden’s independence from Denmark-Norway and initiating rule of the house of Vasa.

  • 1524

    Palazzo Del Te was built by architect Romano, a pupil of Raphael, for duke Federico II Gonzaga in Mantua, Italy, as a pleasure palace.

  • 1532

    The Italian high renaissance painting, Jupiter and Jo was painted by Correggio for Federico II of Gonzaga, duke of Mantua, Italy.

  • 1534

    Biblioteca Marciana, venetian public library, was sponsored by cardinal Bessarion, who donated his 250 manuscripts and printed works.

  • 1535

    Madonna with the long neck mannerist artist Parmigianino was defined by unusual spatial compositions and elongated figures.

  • 1536

    The last judgment is a fresco in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican city, by Italian artist, Michelangelo, commissioned by Pope Paul III.

  • 1537

    Gripsholm was built by king Gustav Vasa as a renaissance castle in Mariefred, Sweden, to serve as the main residences of the royal house.

  • 1538

    Venus of Urbino is the most sensual oil paintings of the 16th century by the Italian painter, Titian, later bought by duke of Camerino.

  • 1540

    Palazzo Grimani is the only renaissance roman mannerist inspired house in Venice purchased by Antonio Grimani, duke of Venice.

  • 1545

    Vadstena Castle was built on initiative of king Gustav Vasa as a fortress to protect Stockholm from enemies from the south.

  • 1546

    Pope Paul III and his grandsons is an oil painting on canvas by Italian painter, Titian, commissioned by the Farnese family.

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